Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 20 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

  1. The author wishes to convey a sense of how bleak and harsh the circumstances were for the settlers.

  2. First, the author tells the story of a young man on the ship who behaved badly and seemed to tease people that they would soon didn’t on the ship. However, the young man, himself, was the first to die. The author sees this as the work of God. This Tory serves both as a cautionary tale to others who might behave badly, but also to highlight what he perceives as God favoring his people. Later, the author describes the instance when the Native Americans attacked the settlers, shooting arrows toward them. The author notes that it pleased God to keep them safe and not let the Native Americans succeed. This story also serves to show his belief that the settler side were favored over others by God.

  3. The fact that Squanto was captured for the purpose of selling him into slavery, would likely have made the other Indians anxious and distrustful of the European settlers. Generally, these details show us that the Europeans treated the Indians very poorly.

  4. At the beginning of Chapter XI, the author states that for brevity”s sake, he will only not important events. He may have made this change because he simply did not have time to record lengthy narratives with the extreme amount of work that was required. In addition, he may begin to see the purpose of the narrative as a historical record of a new government, rather than just the story of a group of people. The effect is that there are fewer illustrustive, colorful details, and a more formal recitation of events.

  5. The Mayflower Compact explicitly acknowledges that all men in the colony are loyal to the king, that they each agree to bind themselves to one another as a single body politic, and that they would each adhere to the rules and laws they decided on. It suggests that being on the edge of mutiny, rebellion, and lawlessness, they all agreed to work together to behave in a civilized fashion. It also established that because they were outside the actual patent granted to them, they felt they were on their own and outside the jurisdiction of the king, while paying lip service to being loyal subjects.

  6. The treaty between the pilgrims and the Massasoit indicated that they would not hurt each other, and they they would protect each other and defend each other against others. This treaty was primarily for the benefit of the pilgrims because they were the ones in danger and at greater risk of violence from others. The Massasoit were not in need of protection prior to the arrival of the pilgrims.

  7. They believed that they were separate from others and that they enjoyed God’s grace and providence. This is revealed during difficult times on the ship where they survived despite dangerous circumstances. Then when they arrived, they kept their goods and crops in a common store. When most of the pilgrims were very sick, the few healthy among them cared for all of the others. The pilgrims shared their hunting bounty among each other as well.

  8. A central idea in Bradfords writing is his belief that the pilgrims survived in large part due to their faith in God’s grace. His purpose in writing was twofold: first, it serves as an historical account for posterity of the pilgrims journey, settling, and governance. Next, it serve as advertisement for the pilgrims’ religion, showing that they were able to make it due to God’s grace.