Analyzing the Text
He says existing governments are corrupt and abuse their power, but that the U.S. will not be able to do this because of the Constitution/ Bill of Rights.
They are harmful because they rise against others, wanting to keep them from rights. They create instability and divide in the country.
Protesters and groups that are against the government are allowed to exist in the United States because of freedom given to its citizens. In totalitarian governments the citizens do not have liberty and if they are caught in factions they are severely punished or killed.
This type of government has many people judge others, for example, by jury. Therefore, corruption cannot easily exist. He continues to explain how representatives would run everything. The United States runs on a checks and balances system.
There are always people who desire oppression. There are always people who desire to be powerful, and there are always people who have a different perspective. Religious sects may become political factions. These are effective because they cannot be changed or prevented.
He implies that democracy cannot prevent the effects of faction, leading to a government/ nation’s collapse, but that a republic’s system of checks and balances prevents a faction from taking over.
He says that a large republic rather than a small republic is the same as a Union and its states (federal versus state laws, etc).