My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 378-Answers

Sonnet 12

He says that as the seasons change, time passes, and that as time passes, we all age. With age comes the loss of beauty; just as leaves fall and beautiful trees become bare, our hair becomes white and wrinkles form, etc.

The speaker says that the only defense against time is to have children, who will live on and continue your legacy after you’ve passed away.

Sonnet 60

He compares the passage of minutes to the movement of waves toward the shore.

He says that even though all lives are eventually lost to time, his poem will exist long after his death.

Sonnet 73

The speaker in the poem is nearing the end of his life.

The speaker advises that the reader takes time to love what they know they may soon lose.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 379-Answers

Sonnet 32

Time hurries when we are in love or experiencing joy, and slows down when we are heartbroken or in despair.

The speaker asks time to slow down when she is experiencing love rather than speeding up.

Sonnet 75

The name written in the sand is erased by the tide.

She says that, like a name written in the sand, she too will eventually cease to exist; neither she nor her name can be immortalized.

The speaker says that though no one can escape death, he and his love can be comforted by the fact that their love will live on.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 312-Answers

Practice

Rising Action Events:
In Act 1, the rising action event consists of Macbeth deciding to kill the King after speaking to his wife and hearing the prophecy of the witches.

Rising Action Events:
In Act II, the rising action mainly entails Macbeth killing King Duncan. His sons react, and the people of the castle talk of ominous symbols and harrowing predictions.

Rising Action Events:
During Act III, the conflict rises even further when Macbeth tries to kill Duncan’s children to secure his prophecy. He fails (only killing one of them) and his guilt takes the form or an apparition of Banquo himself.

The events are linked by cause and effect because Macbeth’s actions are directly influenced by the events before them. Due to the prophecy made at the beginning of Act I, the events in Acts II and III are effects of Macbeth’s desire to make the prophecy come true (or subsequently avoid the negative effects of the witch’s predictions, such as the rise to power of Banquo’s son). Macbeth acts with motivations to influence his own future. An example of this is the need to kill Banquo because he had already killed the King and the prophecy warned of Duncan’s bloodline.

Crisis/Turning Point of Act III:
The turning point of Act III is when the ghost of Banquo appears as a vision to Macbeth while he is gathered with his friends. This event leads those with him to suspect him of malice and his facade is broken. During this scene he is at his weakest and most vulnerable, and those close to him start suspecting his guilt and planning attack.

Predictions:
The reader might predict that Macbeth will have a downfall in the coming acts. He seems to be on the verge of his lies catching up with him, and his state of being crumbling. Most likely, the actions of Macbeth will begin to cause him tragedy.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 244-Answers

Whole Class Learning Strategies

Refer to the chart above to Answer Questions on Page 244

Refer to Question 1 for chart

Refer to Question 1 for chart

Go to Question 1

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 313-Answers

Assignment

This exercise requires you to read a speech from the text (chosen in example 1) to reflect the feelings of the character who said it. In this exercise, the tone and rhythm of speech can reflect how the character will feel in making his/her point.

Choose a Sp>

An example of a speech you could use is the speech in which Lady Macbeth argues for Macbeth’s friends to leave the castle when Macbeth sees Banquo’s ghost and almost admits to his murder. This line of dialogue happens near the end of Act III.

Analyze the Sp>

Analyze the sp>
Point of view: Lady Macbeth knows the actions of Macbeth, and how he is frail due to his guilty conscience. Therefore, this speech comes loaded with subtext toward the attitude of her husband’s manhood.

Reasoning: For this question, refer to the speech section in Exercise 1. Lady Macbeth reasons with the table that Macbeth’s actions must be the case of an illness, for why else would he feel such a strange way towards Banquo and the guests. Lady Macbeth feels the only appropriate way out of this mess would be to fake Macbeth as being sick.

Word Choice: For this question, refer to the speech section in Exercise 1. Lady Macbeth’s use of the term “displaced mirth” to settle her guests and remain polite while in the same breath insulting Macbeth’s behavior. She additionally uses the word “enraged” to make Macbeth seem unapproachable, so that his friends will not ask him incriminating questions while he is in such a vulnerable state.

Emphasis: For this question, refer to the speech section in Exercise 1. The main emphasis in Lady Macbeth’s dialogue is to make an excuse so that Macbeth and the guests can part ways without any worse behavior being displayed.

Links Between ideas: For this question, refer to the speech section in Exercise 1. Lady Macbeth uses logical reasoning to explain why her guests should leave the castle. She explains that because Macbeth has “displaced the mirth” of the evening and he is “enraged” that is guests should leave immediately.

Rehearse the Recitation

Rehearse: With a partner, try to memorize the speech that Lady Macbeth makes on page 307, as shown in Exercise 1.

Present the Recitation

Present: using the prompt on page 312, present the speech to communicate clearly the dialogue and intentions of Lady Macbeth

Lead A Discussion

Discussion: In discussion, it might be helpful to mention the intentions of Lady Macbeth towards her guests (respect, courtesy) in conflict with her feelings toward Macbeth (hostility, shame, fear).

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 258-Answers

Concep>

Refer to the Chart Above for guidance on Exercise 1

See question 1

See question 1

see Question 1 for chart

Go to Question 1

Refer to Question 1 Chart

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 275-Answers

Media Connection

In most of the Act I, it seems as though the witches spark a thought that Lady Macbeth elaborates on to the point of completion. When the witches suggest that Macbeth will become the “Thane of Cawdor”, it evokes mostly confusion and wonder from Macbeth. However, Lady Macbeth makes a commitment to reject her womanhood in order to kill the king. It is her ultimate argument, and plead that his manhood will not be retained if the King lives, that makes Macbeth go through with the killing.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 330-Answers

Comp>

As the witches complete their predictions in Scene i of Act IV, they finish by “charming the air” and performing a circular dance right before Lennox enters, as they know that he is arriving. When they eventually vanish, Lennox is not able to see them while Macbeth insists that they were there. (pg 319)

During Scene ii of Act iv, Lady Macduff is angry at her husband for fleeing their estate and leaving her alone. Ross consoles her by suggesting that she doesn’t understand how dire the situation is, and that he is only gone for a good reason, as he knows the, “The fits o’ th’ seasons”, pg 321.

By the end of Act iv, Macduff and Malcolm conspire to kill Macbeth for being unfit and undeserving of the throne. Macduff tells Malcolm, “Fit to govern. No, not fit to live!”(325) after Macbeth killed Macduff’s family to protect his throne. Malcolm agrees that, although it is a horrible thing, he is sworn to do what is best for his country, even after being tempted by Macduff over his loyalty and Macolm’s own desire to possibly take the throne. The two agree that Macbeth must be removed from power.

In Act IV of Macbeth, the witches come to give another round of prophecies that lead Macbeth to vow fully to act upon instinct for the rest of the play. He will no longer deal with moral dilemma or ethics, but by his heart. In another castle, Lady Macduff expresses suspicions at her husband being gone for so long before murderers sent by Macbeth come to slay her son. When this news reaches Macduff, who is conspiring with Malcolm, they both vow to bring war to Macbeth.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 276-Answers

Comp>

The three prophecy that the witches predict are that 1) Macbeth will become King of Scotland, 2) that he will also be named Thane of Cawdor, and 3) That Banquo’s heirs will be kings.

Lady Macbeth fears that Macbeth is not up for the task of killing the king when he is their guest. This act would fulfill the witches prophecy, which is what she wants. She worries that Macbeth will be, “It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness (270), and not kill the king.

ACT 1: Three witches introduce the audience to a character called Macbeth, who is a soldier that is slated to become the next “Thane of Cawdor”. Later, when Macbeth returns from battle and disembowelment, he and his friends discuss the prophecy and the expectations, in which the current Thane of Cawdor was killed for being a traitor. A character named the Captain goes off to be treated, and Macbeth has plans to have King Duncan as a guest. His wife, Lady Macbeth, initiated an idea to kill the king, and gives herself over to the witch’s power. She convinces Macbeth to kill the king, citing his manhood and power, and Macbeth ultimately gives in.

Research to Clarify

Example: In researching the word “thane” it is defined as a person who owns land directly from the King, and was common in the Shakespearean times of Scotland.This land was usually a gift for service, so it would make sense that Macbeth would receive land for his heroic war service to the current king.

Research to Exp>

Some examples include:”The Three Witches” by Alexandre- Marie Colinor “Macbeth and the Witches” by Granger. Both can be found online and in reproductions.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 331-Answers

Why These Words

warranted (IV.iii.137), judicious (IV,i,16)

Analyze the Text

A) In the end of Scene i, Macbeth resolves to kill Macduff’s family by sending murderers to his castle. This imp>B) In the future is shows that he will act without thought, but through his heart only.

A) Ross exp>B) Ross does believe this, as his following actions align with these words. He thinks that due to how Macbeth is abusing his power, it makes sense for people like Macduff to plot against the throne.

A)In Scene ii, Malcom tests MacDuff by suggesting that he could gain the throne if he wanted it. Macduff refuses, saying he would not be hap>B) Malcolm’s test reveals that Malcolm is wary and distrusting of even his closest friends until they prove worth to him. MacDuff gains the trust of Malcolm when he denies the idea, and wants only to bring justice and peace to the country though removing Macbeth.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 277-Answers

Close Read the Text

Lines such as “When the hurlyduryl’s done/ when the battle’s lost and won” (261) and “Where the place/ upon the heath” invoke childlike rhyme schemes that directly conflict with the otherwise scary and evil nature of the witches. It’s this contrast that makes the rhyming patterns unsettling, as if warping a childlike device to be dark.

Analyze the Text

Macbeth, upon seeing the witches, goes into a “rapt” state (264), which is translike and hypnotic. Banquo is more level-headed, and even inquires into the witches beards (“and yet your beards forbid me to interpret”) and prohecy’s, asking why he was not given one, (“to me you speak not”) (264). Macbeth feels fear, whereas Banquo is only interested.

As a guest at the house of Macbeth, the king announced that his son Malcolm will be the next King of Scotland. Macbeth hates to hear this, (“The Prince of Cumberland!’) and is effect to start planning the murder of those who stand in his way, (“Let not light see my black and deep desires”) (269).

The reasons that Macbeth gives for not killing the king are that he,”[am] a kinsman and his subject, strong both against the deed, and his host”) (273). He also admits, that although the King is “meek”, that he is not a bad ruler. He agree that he has no strife upon the King, only “vaulting ambition”, (273). He decides not to kill the King after the soliloquy.

Why These Words

The words “captivity” and “treason” relate to actions that are involved in war and conflict. Additionally “assault” , “rebellion”, and (as stated in the text) “revolt” all have meanings that are similar to the violence expected in war.

Practice

Example; one of the worst treasons to commit on the battlefield is the assault of your own army. On the grounds of war, a revolt is never accepted from within the army, and you will be called a rebellious spirit, and if you flout an attitude that conflicts with other soldiers, your time spent on the battlefield will be short.

Word Study

The latin root -bell means war, and therefor influences the meaning of the words it is p>
Belligerent:means to be hostile and aggressive. Similar in aggression to that of wartime.
Bellicose: a willingness to fight. Related directly to violence and war, such as in the the words.
Antebellum: reflects the period of after-war, such as the Antebellum period after the Civil War.The root -Bell functions again to put the word in frame of wartime.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 278-Answers

Practice

Refer to the chart above to answer page 278.

Refer to Exercise 1 to answer chart on page 278

See Exercise 1 to complete page 278.

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 279-Answers

Assignment

Examp>If you decided to be the confidant of Macbeth, you would remind him that with killing the king came ultimate power. As king, Macbeth would do a better job of ruling Scotland than King Duncan, who Macbeth tells is meek and unassuming. You could remind Macbeth that after the service that he did for the king (which ultimately made him the Thane of Cawdor) that he deserves this position.

Create Your Character

Refer to the chart above to answer page 279.

Refer to the chart in Exercise 1 to answer page 279

Use the chart in Exercise 1 to answer page 279

Use the chart in Exercise 1 to answer page 279

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My Perspectives: British and World Literature Grade 12, Volume One-page 280-Answers

Concep>

Refer to the chart above to answer page 280

Refer to the chart in Exercise to complete page 280

Use chart in Exercise 1 to complete page 280

Refer to Exercise 1 to complete page 280

Refer to Exercise 1 to complete page 280

Refer to Exercise 1 to complete page 280

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