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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 70 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

Prospero is replaced as Duke of Milan by his brother. Prospero, “neglecting worldly ends” (89) gives control of the state to his brother. His brother’s ambition grows (105) and with help from the King of Naples, removes Prospero from power (125).

Prospero’s relationship with Miranda is an awkward one. It is his fault that they are on an island and she has had no other friendships, which is why he hesitates to tell her. Prospero also treats her poorly, repeatedly asking her to listen to him throughout his speech. He then puts her to sleep when she might get in the way of his manipulations. That being said, he does love her, “I have done nothing but in care of thee” (16) and he calls the storm so as to save them.

Before Prospero came to the island, Caliban and his mother, Sycorax, were masters of the island. With the arrival of Prospero, Sycorax is eliminated and Caliban is adopted by Prospero, “When thou cam’st first, thou strok’st me and made much of me” (336-7). This lasts until Caliban has shown Prospero all of the island. Their relationship changes when Caliban falls in love with Miranda and Prospero catches him, “thou didst seek to violate…/the honor of my child” (351-2). Then Caliban is enslaved.

Prospero lost his kingdom because of his obsession with magic. After he arrives on the island he takes control of the island, making up for his past neglect of the world. Caliban used to rule the island with his mother but this changes with Prospero comes. With the arrival of Prospero, Caliban is enslaved. He wishes for nothing more than to rule over others. Sebastian is Alonso’s brother, the King of Naples and he wants to take his brother’s place, as Antonio had taken Prospero’s. Ariel is enslaved by Sycorax and freed by Prospero, in exchange for a year of service.

Ariel is describing the death of Ferdinand’s father in the storm. The words, “full fathom five”(401) not only uses nautical terminology but also indicates how far into the water, Ferdinand’s father lies. The imagery of the bones becoming coral (402) and transforming with the sea (405) further emphasize water. Lastly, the ‘sea nymphs’ visually helps us picture the scene, along with the death bell.

Sea change implies a physical change created by the sea — like the body actually detonating in the scene. It also implies a change in fortune, as caused by the sea. We know this because the next line “into something rich and strange” (406) indicates the transformation of bones into coral, or a change in fortune. It implies a deep transformation.

Gonzalo’s approach for ruling the island resembles a utopia, where no one works and nature provides everything (completely contrary to society). This is different from Prospero’s way of ruling the island which emphasizes learning and tight control of resources. His speech reflects Shakespeare’s view of the English conquest of the New World, where the native people are enslaved for the benefit of the wealthy.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 158 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

Imagery used: “shining” “hope” “unfold” “dies” “languished and expired” “sadness.” This imagery, which shows Freedom as a thing growing and then dying, places hope in the Earl, to revive Freedom. She addresses him directly, making him responsible for doing so.

Wheatley uses religion to describe redemption; coming to America exposed her to religion and so she can be redeemed. Freneau finds redemption in moving West, into natural country so as to escape the unhealthy slavery of the East. Both find redemption in movement but Wheatley’s is turned towards religion and Freneau’s towards nature.

In “To the Right Honorable William,” Wheatley describes her enslavement and captivity with reference to the original snatching from Africa’s happy seat. She says that her desire for freedom stems from there, from wanting others never to experience this ‘tyranny.’ Her purpose is to convince the Earl to stop slavery and so she wishes to convey the pang and sorrow of her enslavement. In her other poem: “On being brought from Africa to America,” she describes her enslavement as “mercy” bringing her from pagan land (1). Her purpose here is to remind Christians (Americans) that all souls may be saved and so slavery should not exist.

Words: “proud “despotic” “all-aspiring pride” “pomp” “bliss” “east is half to slaves consigned.” The diction reveals that Freneau’s biggest concern with America is its copying of English governance (royal and elitist). He believes American will break away from this by moving West, into natural country, where greed and pride have yet to be found.

The north American landscape: “lonely plains” “wildest genius reigns’ “savage.” He suggests through the “unsocial Indian,” (21) who retreats before the dark stream of emigration, that they (Native Americans) are like the landscape before the arrival of Europeans: wild, natural, beautiful, free and savage.

Wheatley makes this allusion in order to tie together what the Earl can do for them (slaves) to what Elijah did for God. She connects the two together to emphasize the Earl’s importance and to tie his actions to the bible. Placing it at the end further emphasizes the Earl’s power and worthiness.

“To the Right Honorable William:” slavery is a tool to convince the Earl to help abolish it. “On being Brought from Africa:” slavery is used to show how religion can save. Freneau’s poem uses oppression to convince the reader to move away from the old systems of governance (of pride) and away from slavery, into the freedom of nature. Wheatley’s background as a slave allows her to deal firsthand with slavery, whereas Freneau can deal with it only as an outsider, treating more with oppression than slavery.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 72 -Answers

Analyzing the Text and Media

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 75 -Answers

Analyzing the Text and Media

Caliban is shown covered in dirt in the photographs from the film, which parallels the words “Thou earth.” Caliban is literally the earth since he is covered in dirt.

In this photograph Prospera is protecting Miranda from Caliban. They appear much closer than they do in the play, where it seems like Prospero and Miranda do not get along. That being said, Prospero does protect Miranda from Caliban, when he attempts to take her virtue.(Act I scene 2, 350).

Prospera’s cloak adds to her description as a magician and fallen royalty. The text says (I.ii, 166) that they had been given ‘rich garments’ which have been useful — we can infer that the clothes would be worn by now, and Prospera’s cloak definitely looks old. However it also looks magical due to the colors and texture.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 76 -Answers

Analyzing the Text and Media

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 85 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

In the first paragraph, the allusion places Balboa and Moses as equals. In doing so, Balboa’s importance rises as he becomes one of the important figures of Christianity and Judaism. It makes him appear larger than life and ‘divine,’ as he goes “alone off to speak with God” (3-4).

The author develops self-awareness in Balboa because it makes him human. In doing so he stops being flat character and becomes 3 dimensional. It gives him desires and ambition with backstory — he wants to be remembered because he was a pig farmer (37-8). In addition it shows how far he’s come, from pig farmer to explorer/ruler of the New World.

We learn where Balboa comes from and how he reached the Americas. We learn that Balboa is violent and aggressive, that he wants power and to be remembered. It suggests that power grows in the individual if given the chance (a chance Balboa receives when he escapes Spain).

This line suggests that civilization is a hard and long process which muddies the ‘pristine slopes’ of uncivilized lands. It further suggests that Balboa is giving himself all the credit for bringing civilization to the Americas, but the language implies that this may not be a good thing.

The many references to dogs, especially violent ones like Leoncico biting the chief’s head off, transform the violence from a human one to an animalistic one. It draws a connection between the brutality of animals and the Spaniards in the New World. The violence feels low and raw.

The point of view chosen by Murray is 3rd person omniscient. This choice allows us to go into Balboa’s mind and know him personally (intimately). It gives us more information about the subject and the story.

The irony is that he has accomplished what he wanted, to be the one to discover the South Sea, but that what he thinks is his crowning glory, will not matter. The author presents his discovery this way to demonstrate the great tragedy of Balboa and the consequences of ambition.

The flash forward shows us the end of Balboa, his fall from power. He is killed for treason, and ends in the dirt (with the dogs). It indicates the theme of this story which is that power does not come for free.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 86 -Answers

Critical Vocabulary

It would not cause discord because he would be happy that I gave the computer to him.

It wold be difficult to tell the candidates apart or choose the better candidate because they would both have unblemished, excellent reputations.

The family’s provisions would probably be less healthy because the kids would most likely choose junk food.

The surface would not be pristine because the tree roots would be sticking up from the earth and creating a messy surface area.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 94 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

In the first three p>
His use of irony highlights the dichotomy of how many people think of immigrants. While many people romanticize The Immigrant as a quintessential American bedrock, many people are uncomfortable with immigrants in real life. Many people like the notion of America being founded by immigrants. However, they only like immigrants in the abstract, not when the encounter them in their daily life.

The author means that the conversation is stale and rather boring. By confining the conversation to the issue of black or white, we miss the reality of the variety of affinities that join and separate us.

Rodriguez calls himself and impure-American because he is a mestizo–a mixture of more than one race and identity. He is neither one thing or the other, neither black or white. His background information is persuasive beause he is a living embodiment of the mixtures and combinations that make up each of our American identities.

His word choice here is significant because it highlights that the term “Hispanic” is an artificial contrivance used by one group to label another. Rodriguez’ language choices also make the point that by being labeled by the Nixon administration, various ethnic groups with some shared cultural characteristics were lumped together as a single “race.” The word choices by Rodriguez call attention to irritated tone that encompasses his description of much of the way that Americans define each other.

The author explains that there are white, Asian, and black hispanics, so the comparison is actually of race (Black) to an entire cultural group (Hispanic) made up of various races.

Rodriguez points out that America citizens are an aging population, while the immigrants are younger and having more children. This is important because it shows the inevitability of change and continued mixing of races and cultures in America and the immigrant population grows.

The anecdotes serve to highlight the reality of so many cultures meeting and influencing each other in the United States. In fact, this is often occurring without us even noticing. Each individual anecdote reinforces the position that culture, as well as race, are fluid.

By this statement Rodriguez shows that he feels himself formed and strongly influenced by the people around him. Of course, he was not born as a Chinese person, but he an adopt that identity from being introduced and influenced by the culture. This supports his central claim that a discussion or labels limited to black or white fail to capture and reflect the reality of each of our own experiences of mestizaje.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 95 -Answers

Critical Vocabulary

Temperature, humidity, cloud cover, and the condition of the mechanical equipment.

She was a stronger player with a greater level of skill.

Different races and ethnic groups are increasingly intermarrying and their children wish to create identities that encompass both parents’ lineages.

Anticipating each possible objections and creating a solution themselves before it was identified by others.

Many districts in the state are heavily Republican and the tend to vote for candidates that share their values.

It was unable to keep up with the others and defend itself from more aggressive animals in the herd.

Vocabulary Strategy: The Latin Prefix circum-

The teacher should circumscribe the questions in the assignment so the students would know which ones to complete.

The public figure should behave in a circumspect manner, avoiding unnecessary risks.

The seamstress would need to measure the circumference of the client’s waist.

The driver could circumnavigate the road block and avoid running into it.

It wold be key to have a witness circumstantiate the actions of the accused.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 101 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

The sp>
The sp>
The sp>
The sp>
The speaker also describes “black mammy dolls holding white babies.” This imagery directly involving race, furthers the point of power imbalances and mistreatment by various groups by others.

The speaker is implying that the Spanish conquistdors went mad with greed.

The speaker describes DeSoto as mistaken and driven by greed. The Creek are described as very wise, knowing what DeSoto needed better than he knew himself. The Creek are also portrayed as very normal and simple, and not consumed by greed. The descriptions indicate that although DeSoto intended to strip the Creek of treasure, the Creek were smart enough to outwit him.

This imag refers to the trolley car tracks. It relates to the silver blades and crosses because they both represent the onslaught of whites’ progress changing the landscape and the lives of the Creek.

To the speaker, DeSoto represents greed and violence to the Creek. The speaker says that he should have stayed home, and that his heart wasn’t big enough to handle the “New World.” She also refers to him as “mad,” pointing out his overwhelming greed.

The “voices” are a metaphor for Creek culture generally. She describes the voices as “remnants” and “buried in the Mississippi mud” to signify that they have been quieted, or killed. The Creek people and their culture have been literally and figuratively buried by the white people.

The speaker notes that the rocks or earth have a memory, that she has a memory, and that the Creek people have a memory of the tragedy that befell the Creek people. The speaker wishes to convey that the violence and moral wrongs perpetrated against the Creek are still remembered by some. Their story is still being told in the echoes of their “voices.”

The speaker wishes to communicate the idea that New Orleans represents a confluence of many people–their cultures and races. DeSoto is buried in the river, along with the Creek. In addition, New Orleans represents the site of another part of the history of discrimination. The black mammy doll holding the white baby calls to mind the enslavement of blacks by whites.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 102 -Answers

Language and Style: Syntax in Poetry

parallelism, parataxis, ellipsis

parallelism lines 29-30. Parataxis lines 29-31. No presence of ellipsis.

The parallelism causes repetition, which invites the reader to look at the line and its significance more closely. They sound exactly the same. Parataxis leads to a choppy reading of the poem; the short sentences lead the reader to read more quickly and affects the meter. Ellipsis makes the work conversational rather than formal and academic.

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Literature

Collections: Grade 11-page Pg. 20 -Answers

Analyzing the Text

  1. The author wishes to convey a sense of how bleak and harsh the circumstances were for the settlers.

  2. First, the author tells the story of a young man on the ship who behaved badly and seemed to tease people that they would soon didn’t on the ship. However, the young man, himself, was the first to die. The author sees this as the work of God. This Tory serves both as a cautionary tale to others who might behave badly, but also to highlight what he perceives as God favoring his people. Later, the author describes the instance when the Native Americans attacked the settlers, shooting arrows toward them. The author notes that it pleased God to keep them safe and not let the Native Americans succeed. This story also serves to show his belief that the settler side were favored over others by God.

  3. The fact that Squanto was captured for the purpose of selling him into slavery, would likely have made the other Indians anxious and distrustful of the European settlers. Generally, these details show us that the Europeans treated the Indians very poorly.

  4. At the beginning of Chapter XI, the author states that for brevity”s sake, he will only not important events. He may have made this change because he simply did not have time to record lengthy narratives with the extreme amount of work that was required. In addition, he may begin to see the purpose of the narrative as a historical record of a new government, rather than just the story of a group of people. The effect is that there are fewer illustrustive, colorful details, and a more formal recitation of events.

  5. The Mayflower Compact explicitly acknowledges that all men in the colony are loyal to the king, that they each agree to bind themselves to one another as a single body politic, and that they would each adhere to the rules and laws they decided on. It suggests that being on the edge of mutiny, rebellion, and lawlessness, they all agreed to work together to behave in a civilized fashion. It also established that because they were outside the actual patent granted to them, they felt they were on their own and outside the jurisdiction of the king, while paying lip service to being loyal subjects.

  6. The treaty between the pilgrims and the Massasoit indicated that they would not hurt each other, and they they would protect each other and defend each other against others. This treaty was primarily for the benefit of the pilgrims because they were the ones in danger and at greater risk of violence from others. The Massasoit were not in need of protection prior to the arrival of the pilgrims.

  7. They believed that they were separate from others and that they enjoyed God’s grace and providence. This is revealed during difficult times on the ship where they survived despite dangerous circumstances. Then when they arrived, they kept their goods and crops in a common store. When most of the pilgrims were very sick, the few healthy among them cared for all of the others. The pilgrims shared their hunting bounty among each other as well.

  8. A central idea in Bradfords writing is his belief that the pilgrims survived in large part due to their faith in God’s grace. His purpose in writing was twofold: first, it serves as an historical account for posterity of the pilgrims journey, settling, and governance. Next, it serve as advertisement for the pilgrims’ religion, showing that they were able to make it due to God’s grace.